韩熠哲,马伟强,马耀明,孙翠艳. 2018. 南亚夏季风爆发前后青藏高原地表热通量的长期变化特征分析[J]. 气象学报, 76(6):920-929, doi:10.11676/qxxb2018.050
南亚夏季风爆发前后青藏高原地表热通量的长期变化特征分析
Long-term variation characteristics of surface heat flux over the Tibetan Plateau before and after the onset of the South Asian summer monsoon
投稿时间:2018-04-04  修订日期:2018-07-21
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2018.050
中文关键词:  青藏高原  再分析资料  感热通量  潜热通量
英文关键词:Tibetan Plateau  Reanalysis data  Sensible heat flux  Latent heat flux
基金项目:第三次青藏高原大气科学试验——边界层与对流层观测(GYHY201406001)、中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA19070301、XDA20060101)、国家自然科学基金项目(41830650、91637312、91637313、41661144043、91737205)、中国科学院“百人计划”、前沿科学重点研究项目(QYZDJ-SSW-DQC019)、欧盟第七框架项目“为气候再分析服务的地球观测数据验证”之第三课题。
作者单位E-mail
韩熠哲 中国科学院青藏高原研究所, 北京, 100101
中国科学院大学, 北京, 100049 
 
马伟强 中国科学院青藏高原研究所, 北京, 100101
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心, 北京, 100101 
wqma@itpcas.ac.cn 
马耀明 中国科学院青藏高原研究所, 北京, 100101
中国科学院大学, 北京, 100049
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心, 北京, 100101 
 
孙翠艳 民航山东空管分局气象台, 济南 250107  
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中文摘要:
      青藏高原作为世界第三极,其热力强迫作用不仅对亚洲季风系统的发展和维持十分重要,也会对大气环流场产生深远影响。利用欧洲中期天气预报中心(ECMWF)的ERA-Interim中1979-2016年3-10月青藏高原及其周边地区的地表热通量月平均再分析资料,通过分析得出以下结论:3-5月青藏高原主体由感热占据,感热强度快速上升且呈西高东低的分布态势,潜热强度较小但随时间而增强。季风爆发后的6-8月,青藏高原感热强度减弱,潜热强度迅速增强且呈东高西低的分布特征。季风消退后的9-10月,感热与潜热强度相当,但感热呈现出西高东低的分布特征。过去38年,青藏高原地表感热总体呈现微弱下降趋势,潜热呈较弱上升趋势。青藏高原西部地区感热呈微弱下降趋势,潜热呈上升趋势。东部感热呈较为明显的下降趋势且近年来变化趋势增强,东部潜热通量则呈现较为明显的上升趋势,分析结论与近期全球变暖条件下青藏高原气候变暖变湿这一变化状况一致,通过对青藏高原地表热通量的变化分析为下一步运用第三次青藏高原大气科学试验所获资料分析青藏高原上空大气热源的变化以及地表加热场如何影响大气环流奠定基础。
英文摘要:
      As the "Third Pole of the world", the thermal forcing of the Tibetan Plateau is very important for the Asian summer monsoon system; it also has great influences on the atmospheric circulation. In this paper, the European Medium Weather Forecasting Center (ECMWF) ERA Interim monthly mean reanalysis data of surface heat fluxes in the Tibetan Plateau and its surrounding areas is used. The time series of data are for March-October from 1979 to 2016 (data and method). Through the analysis of the above information, the following conclusions are reached. From March to May, the main body of the Tibetan Plateau is occupied by sensible heat flux, which increases rapidly with higher values in the west. The change of latent heat flux is smaller but increases with time. After the onset of the Asian summer monsoon, the sensible heat flux over the Tibetan Plateau decreases and latent heat flux increases rapidly. The distribution of latent heat flux shows higher values in the east and lower values in the west of the Tibetan Plateau. After the Asian summer monsoon is over, the intensities of sensible and latent heat fluxes are close to each other with higher sensible heat flux in the west and lower flux in the east. The surface sensible heat flux of the Tibetan Plateau shows a slightly downward trend, while latent heat shows an increasing trend over the past 38 years. The sensible heat flux in the western part of the Tibetan Plateau shows a weak decreasing trend, whereas the latent heat flux is increasing. In the eastern part of Tibetan Plateau, the sensible heat decreases and the latent heat shows a more obvious upward trend, which is also consistent with the climate change in the Tibetan Plateau. This is the basis for further studies that will use the data from The Third Qinghai-Xizang Plateau Atmospheric Science Experiment to analyze the change of atmospheric heat flux over the Tibetan Plateau and how the surface heating field affects the atmospheric circulation.
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