许焕斌,尹金方. 2017. 关于发展人工影响天气数值模式的一些问题[J]. 气象学报, 75(1):57-66, doi:10.11676/qxxb2017.009
关于发展人工影响天气数值模式的一些问题
Some key issues in developing the numerical model for artificial weather modification
投稿时间:2016-06-22  最后修改时间:2016-10-17
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2017.009
中文关键词:  人工影响天气  数值模式  动力过程  云-降水微物理过程
英文关键词:Artificial weather modification  Numerical model  Dynamical processes  Cloud-precipitation microphysical processes
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41405006);财政部/科技部公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201406003、GYHY201506002);中国气象科学研究院基本业务专项(2014R016)和“东亚区域大气再分析”(2015Z003)。
作者单位
许焕斌 中国气象科学研究院灾害天气国家重点实验室, 北京, 100081 
尹金方 中国气象科学研究院灾害天气国家重点实验室, 北京, 100081 
摘要点击次数: 667
全文下载次数: 746
中文摘要:
      人工影响天气的学科基础是中小尺度天气动力学与云降水物理学,需要将天气-动力-云降水物理耦合为一体。考虑到目前将天气动力学性质的基础数值模式用于人工影响天气中的问题,从数值模式动力方程、模式分辨率、云物理过程、数值求解方案、初边值条件等方面系统地探索了发展人工影响天气数值模式中一些需要重点解决、且不可忽视的特色问题,并举例对相关问题提出了解决思路和方法。期望提出的问题有助于构思更适合于人工影响天气数值模式,使数值模式功能真正向满足人工影响天气的要求靠近一步。
英文摘要:
      The scientific foundation of artificial weather modification is meso- and small-scale dynamics and cloud-precipitation microphysics. Artificial weather modification requires to realistically couple weather patterns, dynamical processes, and microphysical processes together. Now that the numerical models with weather dynamical characteristics have been widely applied to artificial weather modifications, some keys points, which must not be neglected, in developing specific numerical models for artificial weather modification are proposed, including dynamical equations, model resolution, cloud-precipitation microphysical processes, numerical computation method, and initial and boundary conditions. Based on several examples, approaches are proposed to deal with the problems. The key points are useful for developing specific numerical models for artificial weather modification. These key points, if considered in a numerical model, will make it further suitable for artificial weather modification.
HTML   查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
分享按钮