侯立春,林振山,何亮,罗虎明. 2017. 近千年东亚季风变化统计动力反演与驱动机制研究[J]. 气象学报, 75(1):67-79, doi:10.11676/qxxb2017.005
近千年东亚季风变化统计动力反演与驱动机制研究
Statistical-dynamical retrieval and driving mechanism study of monsoon variation over East Asia in the last millennium
投稿时间:2016-04-19  最后修改时间:2016-10-05
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2017.005
中文关键词:  东亚季风  统计动力学反演  驱动机制  过去千年  和尚洞石笋
英文关键词:East Asian monsoon  Statistical-dynamical retrieval  Driving mechanism  Last millennium  Heshang Cave stalagmite
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31470519);江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20131399);江苏省高校优势学科建设工程项目。
作者单位E-mail
侯立春 南京师范大学地理科学学院环境与生态建模研究室, 南京, 210023;江西上饶师范学院历史地理与旅游学院, 上饶, 334001;虚拟地理环境教育部重点实验室(南京师范大学), 南京, 210023;江苏省地理环境演化国家重点实验室培育建设点, 南京, 210023;江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心, 南京, 210023  
林振山 南京师范大学地理科学学院环境与生态建模研究室, 南京, 210023;虚拟地理环境教育部重点实验室(南京师范大学), 南京, 210023;江苏省地理环境演化国家重点实验室培育建设点, 南京, 210023;江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心, 南京, 210023 linzhenshan@njnu.edu.cn 
何亮 国家气象中心, 北京, 100081  
罗虎明 西北农林科技大学理学院, 杨凌, 712100  
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中文摘要:
      利用观测数据和非线性统计-动力学方法,构建了东亚季风变化的动力方程。量化了单因子强迫及各因子间相互作用在东亚季风演化中的相对贡献率,为东亚季风驱动机制研究提供了量化参考。研究发现:(1)过去千年东亚季风是多种因子共同作用下的复杂非线性动力系统。有些因子以起驱动作用为主,则有些以反馈调节作用为主,因子间交互作用与东亚季风演化存在耦合效应机制。(2)季风的驱动力主要来源于副热带太平洋海表温度、青藏高原动力热力强迫、CO2和N2O交叉项、太阳辐射和N2O交叉项、CO2与CH4交叉项等的耦合作用机制;调节作用主要是石笋δ18O指代的地理位置、单因子CO2浓度、太阳辐射变化、CH4与N2O交叉项、太阳辐射与ENSO交叉项等的耦合作用机制。温室气体(CO2、CH4与N2O)浓度对东亚季风演化的驱动与调节作用贡献较大。(3)通过动力反演机制推论副热带太平洋和热带西太平洋对东亚季风均有驱动作用,但主要驱动力来自副热带太平洋,即驱动东亚季风变化的主源地在副热带太平洋海区,次源地在热带西太平洋海区。(4)由海-陆温差对季风演变贡献大小推测石笋δ18O指代的也主要是夏季风信息。
英文摘要:
      A nonlinear statistical-dynamical model of the East Asian monsoon is established using observed data. The model is applied to quantify individual contributions of different factors, which provide a quantitative reference for the study of the driving mechanism of East Asian monsoon. Results show that:(1) The East Asian monsoon is a complex nonlinear dynamic system influenced by many factors over the past thousand years. Some factors are driving forces and others are feedback regulations. Interactions among these factors are coupled with the East Asian monsoon; (2) The monsoon driving forces mainly come from sea surface temperature over the subtropical Pacific, the Tibetan Plateau thermal forcing, the coupling interaction mechanism of CO2 and N2O, solar radiation and N2O cross-terms, CO2 and CH4 cross-term. Regulation effect is mainly from the location of continent by stalagmite δ18O, CO2 concentration, changes in solar radiation, the coupling interaction mechanism of CH4 and N2O, solar radiation and ENSO cross-term, stalagmite and CH4 cross-term. The concentrations of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4 and N2O) have a great contribution to the driving force and regulating effects of the East Asian monsoon; (3) It is inferred from the dynamic retrieval mechanism that the subtropical Pacific and the tropical western Pacific have driving effects on the East Asian monsoon. The main driving force comes from subtropical Pacific, which indicates that the main driving source of East Asian monsoon changes is in the subtropical Pacific Ocean, and the secondary source is in the tropical western Pacific Ocean; (4) Stalagmite δ18O mainly refers to the features of summer monsoon contributed by sea-land temperature to monsoon evolution.
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