曹经福,江志红,任福民,徐振亚. 2013. 广义线性统计降尺度方法模拟日降水量的应用研究[J]. 气象学报, 71(1):167-175, doi:10.11676/qxxb2013.014
广义线性统计降尺度方法模拟日降水量的应用研究
An application of the generalized linear statitical downscaling method to simulating daily precipitation
投稿时间:2011-10-12  修订日期:2012-04-06
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2013.014
中文关键词:  统计降尺度  日降水量  广义线性模型
英文关键词:Statistical downscaling  Daily precipitation  Ucncralizcd Linear Model
基金项目:全球变化重大利学研究计划(2010CB950501);国家自然利学基金项目(40875058,41175075)
作者单位E-mail
曹经福 南京信息工程大学, 南京, 210044
中国气象科学研究院灾害天气国家重点实验室, 北京, 100081 
 
江志红 南京信息工程大学, 南京, 210044  
任福民 中国气象科学研究院灾害天气国家重点实验室, 北京, 100081 fmren@163.com 
徐振亚 中国气象科学研究院灾害天气国家重点实验室, 北京, 100081
南京大学, 灾害性天气研究所, 南京, 210093 
 
摘要点击次数: 3999
全文下载次数: 2745
中文摘要:
      利用1960-2010年青藏高原23个台站和长江下游25个台站的日降水量观测资料及NCEP再分析资料.采用广义 线性模型的统计降尺度方法模拟台站日降水量.并评估了广义线性模型对日降水量的模拟能力在建模期(1960-2005年)广义线性模型对日降水量表现出良好的模拟能力.两区域模拟结果与观测值1月平均相关系数0.75左右,7月也均超过0.5. 模拟结果大部分台站日降水偏大.但偏大的量值较小;模拟的无降水准确率较高.最高值在高原区域.1月平均达85.2%.检验期(2006-2010年)广义线性模型模拟的日降水与建模期具有较好的一致性此外.对两区域代表站的分析显示.广义线性模型模拟降水极值和降水0值的效果较好.且较好地还原了主要降水过程总之.广义线性模型对日降水量的降尺度效果良好.适合应用于气候领域的相关研究.
英文摘要:
      An applicational study of the statistical downscaling method of Ucneralized Linear Model (GLM) was carried out on downscaling daily precipitations. Applying the observational daily precipitation data and the NCEP rcanalysis data from 1960 to 2010,the study focuses on two regions-the Tibetan Plateau and the lower valley of the Yangtze River. The GLM method shows good ability in simulating daily precipitation during the simulation period (1960-2005): the correlation coefficients for the two regions between the simulations and the observations are around 0. 75 in January and above 0. 5 in July, and the simulations are generally greater than the observations with small biases,while the accuracy of simulating no precipitation is much higher with the biggest value being 85. 2% for the "hibetan Plateau in January. Meanwhile,the simulative daily precipitation during the test period is good consistent with that during the simulative period. In addition,a further analysis shows that the GLM has good ability in simulating heavy precipitation as well as no precipitation. And,the GLM retrieves the main rainfall processes successfully, In short,the good performance of the GLM method in downscaling daily precipitation makes it suitable for applying to relevant climatological researches.
HTML   查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
分享按钮