潘敖大,孙照渤,周丽贤. 2009. 太平洋中低纬度海表温差与副热带高压异常的数值模拟[J]. 气象学报, 67(6):1025-1031, doi:10.11676/qxxb2009.099
太平洋中低纬度海表温差与副热带高压异常的数值模拟
Numerical simulation of the relationshi p of the anomaly of the subtropical high over the western Pacific with the diffe rence of the sea surface temperature between mid and lower latitudes
投稿时间:2009-05-19  修订日期:2009-10-26
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2009.099
中文关键词:  太平洋副热带高压, SSTA, 中低纬温差, 年代际变化, 数值模拟
英文关键词:Western Pacific subtropical high (WPSH), SSTA, Thermal difference between mid-and low latitude SST, Interdecadal variability, Numerical simulation
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2010CB428505)、江苏省科技支撑计 划(社会发展)项目(BE2009694)和江苏省高校自然科学重大基础研究项目(05KJA17002)
作者单位
潘敖大 南京信息工程大学气象灾害省部共建教育部重点实验室南京210044江苏省气象局南京210008 
孙照渤 南京信息工程大学气象灾害省部共建教育部重点实验室南京 210044 
周丽贤 南京信息工程大学气象灾害省部共建教育部重点实验室南京 210044 
摘要点击次数: 3084
全文下载次数: 2505
中文摘要:
      中国夏季天气变化与太平洋副热带高压关系密切,而中低纬度热力差异可能是副热 带高压的强度和位置发生变化的重要原因,文中利用NCAR/NCEP再分析位势高度、垂直速度 和海表温度场资料,在对太平洋海表温度合理分区的基础上,根据海表温度EOF分解的第一模态时间系数与副热带高压的相关关系,定义了太平洋中、低纬度海表温差指数,并通过统 计分析和数值模拟方法分析了温差的年代际变化特征及其对副热带高压的影响。结果表明: 副热带高压的变化分别与中纬度太平洋的(30°—40°N,180°—140°W)和低纬度太平洋 的(10°S—10°N,140°—100°W)两块区域海温关系密切,对由此两区域定义的温差指 数分析发现,1976年前后温差指数出现一次显著的由弱变强的年代际突变,且温差的年代际 变化特征与副热带高压异常有很好的对应关系,温差大值年,副热带高压偏强,面积增大,西伸尤其明显;温差小值年,副热带高压偏弱,面积减小,东撤明显。进一步的统计分析和 NCAR/CAM3.0模式数值模拟都发现,夏季中低纬海表温差增大将引起哈得来环流加强,副热 带的下沉速度 加大,使副热带高压增强;夏季中低纬海表温差减小将引起哈得来环流减弱,副热带的下沉 速度减 小,使副热带高压减弱。因此夏季中低纬海表温差的变化是导致副热带高压强度和位置异常 的重要原因之一。
英文摘要:
      The summer weather in China is closely related to the subtropical high ov er the western Pacific (SHWP). The thermal contrast between the mid and lower latitudes could be the main factor to influence the strength and location of the SHWP. The first EOF mode of the sea surface temperature (SST) is derived and the correla tion of the SST and the SHWP is investigated by using the SST date and the geopo tential height and vertical velocity from NCAR/NCEP reanalysis dataset. Based on the above analysis two individual areas are selected. Then an index is defined to represent the difference of the SST (DSST) between the mid and lower latitude sover the Pacific. The index is highly correlated to the variation of the SHWP. The characters of the inter decadal variability of the DSST and its impacts on the SHWP are studied by statistic method and numerical simulation. It is shown that the variation of the SHWP is associated with the SST over two regions (30°-40°N,180°-140°W) and (10°S-10°N,140°-100°W) respectively. There is an abrupt change of DSST from weak to strong around 1976 which is closely relat ed with the change of the SHWP. When the DSST is larger, the SHWP is stronger, i ts domain is larger and can extend more westerly; when the DSST is smaller, the SHWP variation is on the opposite. The numerical simulations further show that i ncreasing DSST will result in the enhancing of Hadley cell descent and the stren gth of the SHWP. As a result, the DSST is one of the main factors to influence t he strength and location of the SHWP.
HTML   查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
分享按钮