辛晓歌,吴统文,王在志. 2009. 两种不同减排情景下21世纪气候变化的数值模拟[J]. 气象学报, 67(6):935-946, doi:10.11676/qxxb2009.091
两种不同减排情景下21世纪气候变化的数值模拟
Numerical simulation of climate change in 21 century under two different mitigation scenarios.
  修订日期:2009-04-10
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2009.091
中文关键词:  气候系统模式,温室气体,减排,气候变化, 模拟
英文关键词:climate system model, greenhouse gases, mitigation scenarios, climate change, simulation
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划2007BAC03A01、2007BAC29B03,财政部/科技部公益性行业专项GYHY200806006、GYHY200706010、GYHY200806010
作者单位
辛晓歌 国家气候中心气候系统模式室中国气象局北京100081 
吴统文 国家气候中心气候系统模式室中国气象局北京100081 
王在志 国家气候中心气候系统模式室中国气象局北京100081 
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中文摘要:
      利用国家气候中心最新发展的气候系统模式BCC_CSM1.0模拟了相对于B1排放情景,两种不同减排情景(De90和De07,表示按照B1情景排放到2012年,之后线性递减,至2050年时CO2排放水平分别达到1990年和2007年排放水平一半的情景)对全球和中国区域气候变化的影响。结果表明:两种减排情景下模式模拟的全球平均地表气温在21世纪40年代以后明显低于B1情景,比减排情景浓度低于B1的时间延迟了20年左右;尽管De90减排情景在2050年所达到的稳定排放水平低于De07情景,但De90情景下的全球增温在2070年以后才一致低于De07情景,这种滞后可能与耦合系统(主要是海洋)的惯性有关;至21世纪末,De90和De07情景下的全球增温幅度分别比B1情景降低了0.4℃和0.2℃;从全球分布来看,B1情景下21世纪后三十年的增温幅度在北半球高纬度和极地地区最大,减排情景能够显著减少这些地区的增温幅度,减排程度越大,则减少越多;在中国区域,B1情景下21世纪末平均增温比全球平均高约1.2℃,减排情景De90和De07分别比B1情景降低了0.4℃和0.3℃,中国北方地区增温幅度高于南方及沿海地区,减排情景能够显著减小我国西部地区的增温幅度;B1情景下21世纪后三十年全球增温在冬季最高,De90和De07情景分别能够降低各个季节全球升温幅度的17%和10%左右。
英文摘要:
      The climate system model BCC_CSM1.0, newly developed by National Climate Center, is used to simulate climate influences of two mitigation scenarios (De90 and De07) on global and China climate compared to the B1 emissions scenario. The mitigation scenarios De90 and De07 represent CO2 emissions are linearly decreased during 2012-2050, and mitigated to half of that in 1990 and 2007 by 2050, respectively. Results show that the global mean surface air temperature simulated by the model under the two mitigation scenarios has been lower than that under the B1 scenario since 2040s. This is twenty years later than when the concentrations of the mitigation scenarios are less than that of the B1 scenario. Although the stabilization emission level of De90 scenario is lower than De07 after 2050, the global warming amplitude under De90 scenario has been lower than that under De07 scenario since 2070. Such delay effect may be related to the inertia of the coupled system (mainly the ocean). By the end of 21 century, the warming amplitudes of De90 and De07 are lowered by 0.4℃ and 0.2℃, respectively. Globally, the warming amplitude during 2070-2099 under B1 scenario is largest in the high amplitudes of the North Hemisphere and the North Pole. The mitigation scenarios significantly mitigate the warming in those regions. In China, regional mean warming amplitude by the end of 21 century is higher than the global mean by about 1.2℃. This is lowered by De90 and De07 scenario about 0.4℃ and 0.3℃, respectively. Northern China is warmer than that in southern China and the southern coasts during 2070-2099. The mitigation emission scenarios significantly decrease the warming amplitude in western China. Seasonally, the global warming during 2070-2099 is largest in winter. De90 and De07 can mitigate the warming in each season by about 17% and 10%, respectively.
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