金龙,林熙,金健,李菁. 2003. 模块化模糊神经网络的数值预报产品释用预报研究[J]. 气象学报, 61(1):78-84, doi:10.11676/qxxb2003.008
模块化模糊神经网络的数值预报产品释用预报研究
STUDY ON INTERPRETATION PREDICTION OF NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION PRODUCTS BASED ON MODULAR FUZZY NEURAL NETWORK
投稿时间:2002-09-02  修订日期:2002-10-21
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2003.008
中文关键词:  模块化网络  模糊系统  数值预报产品  泛化性能
英文关键词:Modular network  Fuzzy systems  Numerical prediction products  Generalization ability
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(40075021)
作者单位
金龙 广西气象减灾研究所, 南宁, 530022 
林熙 海南省气候中心, 海口, 570203 
金健 广西气象减灾研究所, 南宁, 530022 
李菁 广西气象台, 南宁, 530022 
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中文摘要:
      综合应用预报量自身时间序列的拓展,数值预报产品和模块化模糊神经网络方法,进行了一种新的数值预报产品释用预报研究。将这种新方法与常规的数值预报产品完全预报(PP)方法进行了对比试验。结果表明,这种模块化模糊神经网络数值预报产品释用预报方法比PP预报方法的预报精度显著提高。并且,通过对预报模型“过拟合”现象的研究发现,这种模块化模糊神经网络的数值预报产品释用预报模型具有很好的泛化性能。
英文摘要:
      At present,statistical prediction techniques remain dominant in the interpretation of numerical weather prediction products, such as methods of model output statistics (MOS) and prefect prediction (PP).Since the late 1980s the artificial neural network (ANN) characterized by such properties as self-adaptive learning and non-linear mapping has been investigated extensively and it has become a hot topic in a lot of scientific fields. Research of artificial and wavelet neural networks for practical purpose has been carried out in the meteorological sciences at home and abroad since the 1990s. In recent years the fuzzy neural net from the combination of the ANN and fuzzy reasoning system has rapidly developed and put into use in such fields as artificial intelligence, signal recognition, data integration and management-decision-making because it has the ability of ANN self-adaptive learning and nonlinear mapping and of logic reasoning, language and computation of the fuzzy mathematic system. Up to now, however, little has been reported of applications of the fuzzy neural networks to meteorological prediction and analysis. For this reason, the authors attempt to establish a model for the interpretation of medium-ramge numerical weather prediction products in the context of modular fuzzy neural network.
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