毛江玉,吴国雄,刘屹岷. 2002. 季节转换期间副热带高压带形态变异及其机制的研究Ⅱ:亚洲季风区季节转换指数[J]. 气象学报, 60(4):409-420, doi:10.11676/qxxb2002.048
季节转换期间副热带高压带形态变异及其机制的研究Ⅱ:亚洲季风区季节转换指数
STUDY ON MODAL VARIATION OF SUBTROPICAL HIGH AND ITS MECHANISM DURING SEASONAL TRANSITION PART Ⅱ:SEASONAL TRANSITION INDEX OVER ASIAN MONSOON REGION
投稿时间:2002-03-01  修订日期:2002-05-09
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2002.048
中文关键词:  季节转换指数  经向温度梯度  副高脊面
英文关键词:Seasonal transition index  Meridional temperature gradient  WEB
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(G1998040900),中国科学院重要方向创新项目(ZKCX2-SW-210),自然科学基金项目(40135020、49905002)和LASG基金(40023001).
作者单位
毛江玉 中国科学院大气物理研究所, LASG, 北京, 100029 
吴国雄 中国科学院大气物理研究所, LASG, 北京, 100029 
刘屹岷 中国科学院大气物理研究所, LASG, 北京, 100029 
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中文摘要:
      在“季节转换期间副热带高压带形态变异及其机制的研究Ⅰ:副热带高压结构气候学特征研究”的基础上,进一步讨论亚洲夏季风爆发与当地对流层中上层东西向暖脊的经向位置变化关系.亚洲夏季风相继在孟加拉湾、南海和南亚爆发期间,除了对流层高、低空风场及深对流活动在季风爆发前后具有反相的变化以外,副热带高压脊面附近大气经向温度梯度亦具有明显的反相特征.对流层中上层(200~500hPa)脊面附近建立的北暖南冷的温度结构,能够反映亚洲各季风区夏季风爆发共同的本质特征,根据季节转换的热力学基础,指出对流层中上层经向温度梯度作为度量季风爆发的指标是合理可行的.文中提出了以副热带高压脊面附近对流层中上层大气经向温度梯度作为表征季节转换的指数,给出了确定季节转换开始日期的具体定义以及历年季节转换日期序列,同时给出由850hPa纬向风和OLR表征的季风爆发日期序列.相关分析表明,850hPa纬向风只是个区域性指标,而南北温度梯度具有一定的普适性.
英文摘要:
      The relationships between Asian summer monsoon onset and meridional displacement of the local temperature ridge in the middle and upper troposphere are further explored based on the previous part Ⅰ.850 hPa zonal wind and deep convection display opposite charact eristics before and after the seasonal transition over the Bay of Bengal,South China Sea and South Asia,respectively.The most significantly reversed elementis the meridional gradient of middle-upper temperature(200-500hP a)in the vicinity of the boundary surface between westerly to north and easterly to south(WEB in brief).The reversal of meridional temperature gradient near WEB reflects the common charact eristics of summer monsoon onset for the different Asian monsoon region.According to the thermodynamic foundation of seasonal transition,a new and uniform index,which is define as the time when the meridional gradient of area-averaged middle-upper temperature in the vicinity of WEB changes direction,is proposed for measuring the seasonal transition and monsoon onset over Asian monsoon region.The time series of seasonal transition date is then given by using this index.Correlation analyses indicate that 850hPa zonal wind is only regional index,but the meridional temperature gradient is an appropriate and uniform index.
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