高志球,卞林根,张雅斌,王金星,姜冬梅. 2002. 土壤热传导方程解析解和那曲地区土壤热扩散率研究[J]. 气象学报, 60(3):352-360, doi:10.11676/qxxb2002.042
土壤热传导方程解析解和那曲地区土壤热扩散率研究
STUDY ON ANALYTICAL RESOLUTION TO SOIL THERMAL CONDUCTIVE EQUATION AND SOIL THERMAL DIFFUSIVITY OVER NAGQU AREA
投稿时间:2000-10-28  修订日期:2001-03-26
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2002.042
中文关键词:  热传导方程  解析解  土壤温度廓线  土壤热扩散率
英文关键词:Thermal conductive equation  Analytical resolution  Soil temperature profile  Soil thermal diffusivity
基金项目:国家自然科学基金2002年预研项目;中国气象科学研究博士后启动资金;国家攀登B项目“青藏高原地-气系统物理过程的观测和理论研究”
作者单位
高志球 中国气象科学研究院北京, 100081 
卞林根 中国气象科学研究院北京, 100081 
张雅斌 中国气象科学研究院北京, 100081 
王金星 中国气象科学研究院北京, 100081 
姜冬梅 山东省淄博气象局, 淄博, 255048 
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中文摘要:
      文中用Laplace变换推导了土壤热传导方程的解析解和包含热对流项的土壤热传导方程的解析解。用青藏高原8个土壤湿度、温度廓线观测站1998年9月4日到10日实测资料基础上,根据谐波方法和Laplace变换方法得到了土壤热传导方程的解析解,计算了这些站的总体土壤热扩散率;用包含热对流项的土壤热传导方程的解析解计算了土壤热扩散率。结果表明:对于一个深度从0.04~0.20m的浅薄土壤层,总体土壤热扩散率的值为0.30×10-6~0.98×10-6m2/s,土壤热扩散率的值为0.15×10-6~0.72×10-6m2/s。由谐波方法得到的总体土壤热扩散率比由Laplace变换的值稍大;总体土壤热扩散率总是比土壤热扩散率大。
英文摘要:
      The soil thermal conductive equation and that with thermal convection term contained were solved analytically. Based on the observation data from soil moisture and temperature measurement system(SMTMS) sites during GAME/Tibet over Tibetan Plateau in September 4-10, 1998, we calculate the apparent soil thermal diffusivity by harmonic method (HM) and Laplace transform method (LTM), and the soil thermal diffusivity by the analytical resolution to soil thermal conductive equation with thermal convection term contained. This study demonstrates that the apparent soil thermal diffusivity in this area over the Tibetan Plateau is between 0.30×10-6 and 0.98×10-6m2/s in the upper layer(at depths 0.04 m to 0.20 m) where the soil thermal diffusivity should be between 0.15×10-6 and 0.72×10-6m2/s. Harmonic method(HM) leads to somewhat greater values of the apparent soil thermal diffusivity than the LTM method, furthermore, apparent soil thermal diffusivity is greater than soil thermal diffusivity.
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