张培忠,陈光明. 1999. 影响中国寒潮冷高压的统计研究[J]. 气象学报, 57(4):493-501, doi:10.11676/qxxb1999.046
影响中国寒潮冷高压的统计研究
A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE COLD WAVE HIGH WHICH INFLUENCES ON CHINA
投稿时间:1997-05-22  修订日期:1998-12-14
DOI:10.11676/qxxb1999.046
中文关键词:  寒潮冷高压  统计研究  气候特征
英文关键词:Cold wave high  Statistical study  Climate characteristics
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(49265015)
作者单位
张培忠 1. 内蒙古气象科学研究所, 呼和浩特, 010051

2. 内蒙古气象局
, 呼和浩特, 010051 
陈光明 1. 内蒙古气象科学研究所, 呼和浩特, 010051

2. 内蒙古气象局
, 呼和浩特, 010051 
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中文摘要:
      文中分析了影响中国的寒潮冷高压的活动情况,对冷高压活动的天气气候特征有了较明确的了解.冷高压次数有明显的年、月、季变化.冷高压主要出现在亚洲大陆中部,有两个中心:主中心在50~55°N,95~100°E,次中心在鄂木斯克南方.强高压分布与上述高压中心位置一致;弱高压在中国东部和沿海以及欧洲地区.迅速增强的高压分布与强高压相似,迅速减弱的高压位于中国中部.高压移动路径以自西向东为主,北方有4条路径补充,寒潮爆发时向东偏南和东南方各有一条移动路径.
英文摘要:
      This study was performed to investigate the climatic characteristics of the cold wave high with the .The number of cold high was changed with year and season.The majority of cold high was distributed in the continent of Asia and with two centres,The main centre was located at 50-55°N,95-100°E,the locat ion of the strong cold high and the fast strengthen cold high was same as the main cold high distribution centre.The weak cold high was located at the East China and the European.The fast weaken cold high was located at centre of China.The major path of cold high was east ward,and there are four supplement paths southward to the major path from high latitude.
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