张强,胡隐樵,赵鸣. 1997. 降水强迫对戈壁局地气候系统水、热输送的影响[J]. 气象学报, 55(4):492-498, doi:10.11676/qxxb1997.048
降水强迫对戈壁局地气候系统水、热输送的影响
EFFECTS OF RAINFALL FORCING ON THE TRANS-PORT OF WATER AMD HEAT IN THE LOCAL CLIMATE SYSTEM OF GOBI
投稿时间:1996-01-17  修订日期:1996-07-10
DOI:10.11676/qxxb1997.048
中文关键词:  降水强迫  戈壁局地气候系统  非平衡状态  水、热输送  张弛时段
英文关键词:Rainfall forcing  Local climate system of Gobi  Unbalanced state  Transport of water and heat  Relaxation time
基金项目:国家自然科学基金49575248课题;西部资源环境科学研究中心资助
作者单位
张强 中国科学院兰州高原大气物理研究所, 西部资源环境科学研究中心, 兰州, 730000 
胡隐樵 中国科学院兰州高原大气物理研究所, 西部资源环境科学研究中心, 兰州, 730000 
赵鸣 南京大学大气科学系 
摘要点击次数: 2358
全文下载次数: 2283
中文摘要:
      用黑河实验中化音站(戈壁)加强期的湍流脉动场资料对降水强迫影响戈壁局地气候系统水、热输送的过程进行了系统分析.结果表明:降水强迫会使戈壁局地气候系统出现暂时的不平衡状态,要重新回到平衡状态需要通过物质和能量的重新调配来实现.该过程可划分为4个阶段,各个阶段间的感热、潜热和水汽通量均有较大差异.从近地层水、热输送特征看,受降水强迫后非平衡状态的张弛时段大约为4d.在整个张弛期间,地表接收到的降水约有2/3通过地表蒸发后输送到大气,其余部分可能被渗入地下.
英文摘要:
      In this paper,using the data of turbulence observation of Huayin Station in Gobi area during IOP of HEIFE,the effects of rainfall forcing on the transport of water and heat in the local climate system of Gobi are analysed.The results show,that the local climate system becomes unbalanced due to the rainfall forcing,that the unbalanced state can return to the balanced state after rainfall through a new adjustment of substance and energy,that the process of the new adjustment can be divided into four periods,that the sensible heat flux,latent heat flux,and water vapour flux are very different with the periods,that relaxation time of the unbalanced state is about four days,and that about two thirds of rainf all are transported into at mosphere by the evaporation of ground surface and the rest may permeate the ground.
HTML   查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
分享按钮