吴统文,钱正安. 1996. 青藏高原北侧地区干湿年夏季垂直环流差异的对比分析及青藏高原的热力影响[J]. 气象学报, 54(5):558-568, doi:10.11676/qxxb1996.058
青藏高原北侧地区干湿年夏季垂直环流差异的对比分析及青藏高原的热力影响
THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSES OF DIFFERENCES BETWEEN VERTICAL CIRCULATION ON NORTH SIDE OF TIBETAN PLATEAU IN WET AND DRY SUMMER AND THERMAL EFFECTS OF THE PLATEAU
投稿时间:1994-04-18  修订日期:1994-09-20
DOI:10.11676/qxxb1996.058
中文关键词:  高原北侧地区  垂直环流  干湿年夏季对比分析  高原地表热状况
英文关键词:North side of the Plateau  Vertical circulation  Comparative analyses in wet and dry Summer  Surface thermal condition
基金项目:中国科学院‘八·五’重大应用项目KY85-10资助
作者单位
吴统文 中国科学院兰州高原大气物理研究所, 兰州, 730000 
钱正安 中国科学院兰州高原大气物理研究所, 兰州, 730000 
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中文摘要:
      为了分析西北干旱的形成原因,本文首先利用高原北侧地区5站历年夏季的降水量资料等,制定了该区的干湿标准,划分了历年夏季的干湿等级。接着又利用ECMWF的格点资料等对比分析了该区干湿年夏季间垂直环流的差异,也探讨了青藏高原地面热状况与高原北侧干湿状况的联系。其主要结论是:1)文中制定的以降水标准差为判据的干湿标准适合西北干旱区;2)高原北侧干湿年夏季间在高原北侧和高原上的垂直环流存在明显差异;3)青藏高原地面热状况与上列差异有关,也即青藏高原的热力作用是西北干旱的重要成因之一。
英文摘要:
      To analyze the causes of the drought over northwea China,first of all,the wet and dry year criterion and their division on the north side of Tibetan Plateau(NTP) centered the northwest China drought area have been made utilizing the precipitation data of five stations over the area during the period from June to August of 1952-1990 in this paper. Then,the differences between the vertical circulation over NTP in wet and dry summer have been comparatively analyzed using the gridded data of ECMWF from 1979 to 1986. At last,the connection between the surface thermal characteristic of the Plateau and the wet and dry summer over NTP was discussed as well.The main results show that:1)the wet and dry summer criterion with precipitation standard deviation is proper for the drought area of northwest China;2)there are clear differences between the vertical circulations over NTP and the Plateau in wet and dry summer:in wet summer upward motion over NTP dominates and the upward motion over the Plateau is stronger,but vice versa in dry summer;3)the wet and dry summer of NTP is closely related to the surface thermal condition of the Plateau,namely,the heating effect of the Plateau surface is stronger in wet summer than in dry summer.
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