张先恭,张富国. 1985. 火山活动与我国旱涝、冷暖的关系[J]. 气象学报, 43(2):196-207, doi:10.11676/qxxb1985.025
火山活动与我国旱涝、冷暖的关系
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LARGE VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS AND THE DRYNESS/WETNESS AND COLD/WARM IN CHINA
投稿时间:1982-11-26  修订日期:1984-06-23
DOI:10.11676/qxxb1985.025
中文关键词:  
英文关键词:
基金项目:
作者单位
张先恭 国家气象局气象科学研究院 
张富国 国家气象局气象科学研究院 
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中文摘要:
      本文根据近五百年的火山资料,研究了大火山的喷发与我国旱涝、冷暖的统计关系。发现火山活动对气温的影响比对降水的影响要明显得多。而且在火山喷发后我国有两次降温,分别出现在火山喷发后第8个月和第18个月。第二次降温比第一次降温要强烈得多。1951年以来,我国东北地区夏季低温冷害的发生可能与≥2级的火山喷发有一定联系。
英文摘要:
      Based on the last 500-year data of volcanic eruptions, the statistical relatioir between large volcanic eruptions and the surface air temperature and precipitation in China is investigated. It is found that the effects of volcanic eruption on temperature are more significant than on precipitation. Two lowerings of temperature in China after a large volcanic eruption respectively occur on the eighth month and the eighteenth month. Moreover, the second temperature decrease is more severe than the first. It is probable that the cold summers in northeast China since 1951 may be related to large volcanic eruptions, which severity class is greater than or equal to 2.
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