谭本馗,陈文. 2014. 中高纬度大气遥相关动力学及其对东亚冬季气候影响的研究进展[J]. 气象学报, 72(5):908-925, doi:10.11676/qxxb2014.071
中高纬度大气遥相关动力学及其对东亚冬季气候影响的研究进展
Progress in the study of the dynamics of extratropical atmospheric teleconnection patterns and their impacts on East Asian climate
投稿时间:2014-02-14  修订日期:2014-06-18
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2014.071
中文关键词:  遥相关型  北极涛动  北太平洋涛动  太平洋/北美型  东亚气候异常
英文关键词:Teleconnection pattern  Arctic Oscillation  North Pacific Oscillation  Pacific/North American pattern  Climate anomaly over East Asia
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41025017、41230527、41130962和41375060)。
作者单位E-mail
谭本馗 北京大学物理学院, 北京, 100871  
陈文 中国科学院大气物理研究所季风系统研究中心, 北京, 100190 chenw@mail.iap.ac.cn 
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中文摘要:
      北半球热带外大气存在多种形态的大气遥相关。按其空间结构,可以分为两类:(1)异常中心为南北分布的偶极子型(例如北大西洋涛动、北太平洋涛动);(2)异常中心呈波列型(例如北太平洋/北美型遥相关、欧亚型遥相关)。这些遥相关活动及其变异,不仅对遥相关控制的地区,而且对与遥相关相距很远的地区的天气和气候也产生影响。研究大气遥相关的形成机理及其天气气候影响,是进行短期气候预测的基础。近十多年来北半球中高纬度的大气遥相关动力学研究取得很大进展,在此对一些主要进展进行总结,特别关注影响中国天气、气候的大气遥相关及其影响机理方面的研究进展。
英文摘要:
      In the extratropics of the Northern Hemisphere, there exist many kinds of atmospheric teleconnection patterns. According to their spatial structure, these teleconnection patterns are generally divided into two groups. One group comprises north-south dipole patterns, such as the North Atlantic Oscillation and the North Pacific Oscillation, which have two anomalous centers of opposite signs in the north-south direction. The other group includes the wave train-like patterns, which have several anomalous centers of opposite signs distributed mainly in the zonal direction, such as the Pacific/North American and Eurasian patterns. These teleconnection patterns greatly impact weather and climate not only in the regions where the teleconnection patterns are active, but also in the regions thousands of kilometers away. Studying and understanding the formation mechanisms of these teleconnection patterns form the basis for the short-term climate prediction. This paper reviews advances in the study of the dynamics of these teleconnection patterns, with particular attention paid to the teleconnection patterns that significantly influence the weather and climate of East Asia.
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