李子华,刘端阳,封洋,朱彬,张国正,杨军,濮梅娟. 2011. 中国雾水化学研究进展[J]. 气象学报, 69(3):544-554, doi:10.11676/qxxb2011.048
中国雾水化学研究进展
Recent progress in the studies of the fog-water chemical characteristics in China
投稿时间:2009-04-03  修订日期:2010-05-31
DOI:10.11676/qxxb2011.048
中文关键词:  雾水化学,pH值,离子浓度,空气污染
英文关键词:Chemical characteristics of fog-water, pH value, Ion concentration, Air pollution
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(40975085),江苏省重大科技支撑与自主创新示范工程项目(BE2008618)
作者单位
李子华 南京信息工程大学大气物理学院, 南京, 210044 
刘端阳 南京信息工程大学大气物理学院, 南京, 210044 
封洋 江苏省淮安市气象局, 淮安, 223001 
朱彬 南京信息工程大学大气物理学院, 南京, 210044 
张国正 南京农业大学作物遗传与种质创新国家重点实验室, 南京, 210095 
杨军 南京信息工程大学大气物理学院, 南京, 210044 
濮梅娟 江苏省气象台, 南京, 210008 
摘要点击次数: 3786
全文下载次数: 3187
中文摘要:
      1980年以来,中国雾水化学研究发展迅速。在城市、高山和海边广泛地开展了雾的观测试验和云雾水的取样分析,研究了各地云雾水的酸度和酸雾的来源,分析了不同地区雾水化学组分的基本特征。许多雾的综合观测试验,在对雾水连续取样的同时,还连续观测了与雾水化学相关的要素,研究了影响雾水化学组分浓度的主要因子。文中总结了近30年来中国雾水化学研究的主要成果。雾水采样和分析技术进展明显,许多城市和山区基本搞清了云雾水的化学组分及其酸度,对化学成分的来源做了许多有成效的工作。研究表明,中国许多城市,雾水已被污染,离子浓度很高,对人体健康危害极大。控制污染物排放,提高植被覆盖率,改善生态环境刻不容缓。雾水化学研究还要继续深入、发展。
英文摘要:
      Researches of the chemical characteristics of fog-water developed rapidly in China since 1980. Observation, sampling and analysis have been done in the cities, on the alps and by the seas. Studies of the acidity of cloud-fog water and the source of acid fog at each place have been done. The basic characteristics of fog water chemical composition also been detected. In many compositive fog observations, there explored the related factors of fog-water chemical characteristics from the continuous fog water collection, and studied the primary factors which affect the concentration of the fog water chemical composition. The paper summarized the main studies of fog-water chemical characteristics in China during the last 30 years. Fog water sampling and analysis have made marked progress. The cloud fog water chemical composition and acidity were confirmed in many cities and mountain areas. Many efficacious works have been done about the source of the chemical composition. The studies show that the cloud fog water in many of Chinese cities and mountain areas have been acidified. Fog water was polluted with high ion concentrations, which would jeopardize people’s health. As a result, it’s very urgent to control pollutant discharge, raise the vegetation cover rate, and improve ecological environment.
HTML   查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
分享按钮